Maharashtra State Tree: The Mango Tree (Mangifera indica)

Maharashtra, a vibrant state in the western peninsular region of India, is not only known for its rich culture and history but also for its diverse flora and fauna. Among this biodiversity, the Mango Tree, or ‘Mangifera indica’, stands out as the state tree of Maharashtra. This article delves into the significance, characteristics, and cultural importance of the Mango Tree in Maharashtra.

Introduction to Mangifera indica – Mango Tree

The Mango Tree, botanically known as ‘Mangifera indica’, is a fruit-bearing tree native to South Asia. It has been cultivated in this region for thousands of years and is revered for its luscious fruits and cultural significance.

Characteristics of the Mango Tree

Feature Description
Family Anacardiaceae
Origin South Asia
Height Up to 35-40 meters
Leaf Simple, lanceolate, 15-35 cm long
Flower Small, white, produced in large terminal panicles
Fruit Fleshy, with a stone containing a single large seed
Flowering Season March to April
Fruit Season May to September

Cultural Significance

In Maharashtra, the Mango Tree is not just a source of delicious fruits but also a symbol of love, fertility, and prosperity. The tree and its fruit are often mentioned in Indian mythology and folklore. Mango leaves are used in religious rituals and are considered auspicious in Hindu culture. They are often hung at the entrance of homes during festivals and important occasions.

Economic Importance

The Mango Tree plays a significant role in the economy of Maharashtra. The state is one of the leading producers of mangoes in India, particularly famous for the ‘Alphonso’ variety, known for its rich taste and texture. The mango industry supports a large number of farmers and contributes significantly to the state’s economy.

Mango Varieties in Maharashtra

Variety Region Characteristics
Alphonso Ratnagiri, Raigad Sweet and aromatic, bright orange flesh
Kesar Pune, Nashik Smooth texture, intense sweet flavor
Hapus Konkan region Similar to Alphonso, highly sought after

Read More : State Flower of Maharashtra

Environmental Impact

The Mango Tree also plays a vital role in the ecosystem. It provides habitat and food for a wide range of birds and insects. Its extensive root system helps in soil conservation, and the canopy offers shade and reduces temperature.

Challenges and Conservation

Despite its importance, the Mango Tree faces challenges like climate change, pests, and diseases. Efforts are being made to conserve and promote sustainable practices in mango cultivation to ensure the tree continues to thrive in Maharashtra’s landscape.


The Mango Tree, as the state tree of Maharashtra, is not only a source of economic wealth but also a symbol of cultural heritage and environmental significance. Its deep roots in the state’s history and culture make it an emblem of pride for the people of Maharashtra. The tree’s continued conservation and sustainable cultivation are essential for preserving this legacy for future generations.


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