The Indian Giant Squirrel: Maharashtra’s Majestic State Animal

Maharashtra, a state renowned for its rich cultural heritage and diverse ecosystems, proudly recognizes the Indian Giant Squirrel, locally known as Shekru, as its state animal. This magnificent creature is not just a symbol of the state’s biodiversity but also a testament to the unique wildlife found in India.

Physical Characteristics and Habitat

The Indian Giant Squirrel, scientifically known as Ratufa indica, is one of the largest squirrel species in the world. Here’s a quick look at its key characteristics:

Characteristic Description
Size About 36 cm (14 in) in body length, with the tail adding another 2 feet.
Weight Ranges from 1.5 to 2 kg (3.3 to 4.4 lbs).
Fur Color Vivid and multi-colored, typically with shades of brown, beige, black, orange, and purple.
Habitat Prefers deciduous, mixed deciduous, and moist evergreen forests, mainly in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra.


Behavior and Diet

The Indian Giant Squirrel is known for its elusive nature and arboreal lifestyle. It rarely descends to the ground and spends most of its life in the treetops. Its diet primarily consists of fruits, flowers, nuts, and tree bark. This diet, rich in forest produce, underlines the importance of conserving its natural habitat.

Conservation Status

While the Indian Giant Squirrel is currently listed as ‘Least Concern’ by the IUCN, it faces threats from habitat loss due to deforestation and human encroachment. Conservation efforts in Maharashtra focus on preserving the forests of the Western Ghats, which are crucial for the survival of this species.

Cultural Significance

In Maharashtra, the Shekru holds a place of pride and is often featured in local folklore and tribal art. Its selection as the state animal underscores the state’s commitment to preserving its natural heritage and promoting wildlife conservation.

Which is the state animal of Maharashtra?

Giant Squirrel is the state animal of Maharashtra.


The Indian Giant Squirrel is more than just a state symbol for Maharashtra; it is a living representation of the state’s ecological wealth and commitment to conservation. Efforts to protect this species and its habitat are crucial for maintaining the ecological balance and ensuring that future generations can also marvel at this magnificent creature.

This article offers a glimpse into the life and significance of Maharashtra’s state animal, highlighting the need for continued conservation efforts to protect these unique creatures and their habitats.

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